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Forced expiratory flow between 25 and 75% of vital capacity might be a predictive factor for bronchial hyperreactivity in children with allergic rhinitis, asthma, or both

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Abstract:

Allergic rhinitis and asthma are closely associated. Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) is a pathophysiological characteristic of asthma. Forced expiratory flow between 25 and 75% of vital capacity (FEF25‐75) has been previously shown to be able to predict BHR in adult patients with allergic rhinitis. Therefore, the aim of this study was (i) to evaluate the presence of BHR in a large group of children with allergic rhinitis, asthma or both and (ii) to confirm whether FEF25‐75 might be related to BHR and may predict BHR also in a pediatric population. Nine hundred fifty children with allergic rhinitis (350), asthma (300), or both (300) were enrolled. Clinical examination, skin-prick test, spirometry, and methacholine challenge were performed in all patients. Severe BHR was quite frequent in allergic children, mainly in asthmatic patients. FEF25‐75 values were significantly related to BHR grade, mainly in children with rhinitis (r = 0.69). Impaired FEF25‐75 values (such as ≤65% of predicted) constituted a relevant predictive factor for severe BHR, mainly in children with rhinitis (odds ratio, 8.9). In conclusion, this pediatric study confirmed that impaired FEF25‐75 values might predict severe BHR in children, mainly in those with allergic rhinitis. Therefore, low FEF25‐75 values could suggest BHR in children.

Keywords: Allergic rhinitis; BHR; FEF25‐75; asthma; children

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2500/aap.2011.32.3466

Affiliations: Department of Internal Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino, Genoa, Italy

Publication date: 2011-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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