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Selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor cross-reactivity in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease

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Abstract:

Aspirin-induced asthma (AIA) is a severe and difficult-to-treat allergic disease in which acute asthma attacks are induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Patients with AIA rarely experience asthma attacks when taking celecoxib, a specific inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX) 2. A 33-year-old woman had a severe asthma attack with hypoxia and lost consciousness after oral provocation testing with 15 mg of aspirin and also with 50 mg of celecoxib. After 2 months of treatment with 10 mg/day of oral prednisolone, 1600 μg/day of inhaled fluticasone propionate, montelukast as a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA), and long-term beta-agonist, we again challenged her with a provocation test with up to 200 mg of celecoxib; this time there were neither allergic symptoms nor decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second. Patients with severe or poorly controlled asthma may experience asthma attacks even if using selective COX-2 inhibitors. However, treatment with steroids and an LTRAs may inhibit asthma attacks induced by celecoxib.

Keywords: Allergy; COX-1; COX-2; NSAIDs; aspirin; aspirin sensitivity; aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease; asthma; bronchial hyperresponsiveness; celecoxib

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2011.32.3413

Publication date: May 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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