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Long-term treatment with fluticasone propionate/salmeterol via Diskus improves asthma control versus fluticasone propionate alone

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Abstract:

This 52-week study was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol combination (FSC) 250/50 micrograms versus fluticasone propionate (FP) 250 micrograms in subjects with persistent asthma symptomatic on open-label FP 100 micrograms. The primary objective of this study was to show that FSC 250/50 micrograms was superior to FP 250 micrograms at increasing pulmonary function as measured by forced expiratory volume in 1 second over a 52-week treatment period. A secondary objective was to compare the rate of asthma attacks defined as (1) a sustained 2-day decrease in morning peak expiratory flow or increase in albuterol use for 2 consecutive days, (2) an asthma exacerbation requiring systemic corticosteroids, or (3) an unscheduled clinic or hospital visit for acute asthma symptoms. Three hundred six subjects received FSC 250/50 micrograms and 315 subjects received FP 250 micrograms. Both treatments were administered twice daily. Treatment with FSC 250/50 micrograms resulted in a significant improvement in lung function compared with FP 250 micrograms (p < 0.001). Additionally, treatment with FSC 250/50 micrograms resulted in a reduction in the rate of exacerbations of asthma (i.e., requiring systemic corticosteroids or unscheduled urgent care intervention) compared with FP 250 micrograms (0.170 versus 0.273, respectively; p = 0.017). There was no differentiation between treatments for less severe attacks of asthma. FSC 250/50 micrograms showed consistently greater improvement in lung function, symptom control, and decreased albuterol use. In addition, FSC 250/50 micrograms‐treated subjects experienced fewer severe asthma exacerbations than subjects treated with FP 250 micrograms.

Keywords: A.M. PEF; ACT; FEV1; asthma attacks; asthma control; exacerbations; fluticasone propionate; long-term; salmeterol; symptoms

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2011.32.3426

Affiliations: National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado, USA

Publication date: March 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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