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Cardiopulmonary arrest in a patient with delayed diagnosis of immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked syndrome

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We present the case of a 21-year-old male patient with a history of autoimmune nephritis, peripheral eosinophilia, eosinophilic esophagitis, and enteropathy who developed subacute worsening cardiomyopathy with systolic dysfunction. Diagnostic studies revealed a one-codon deletion in the FoxP3 gene, which led to the diagnosis of immune dysregulation polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy X-linked syndrome. Unfortunately, this patient suffered from cardiopulmonary arrest with resulting anoxic encephalopathy before diagnosis confirmation. Here, we discuss the key issues surrounding the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to this patient's condition.
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Keywords: Autoimmune nephritis; FoxP3; IPEX; cardiac arrest; cardiomyopathy; enteropathy; immune dysfunction; immune dysregulation; polyendocrinopathy; systemic autoimmunity; x-linked

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA

Publication date: 01 January 2011

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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