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Skin test sensitivity to mouse predicts allergic symptoms to nasal challenge in urban adults

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Abstract:

Epidemiologic studies have shown an association between mouse allergen exposure and asthma morbidity among urban populations, but confirmatory challenge studies in community populations have not been performed. This study was designed to examine the clinical relevance of mouse sensitization using a nasal challenge model. Forty-nine urban adults with asthma underwent skin-prick testing (SPT) and intradermal testing (IDT) with mouse epithelia extract. A positive SPT was defined as a net wheal size ≥3 mm and a positive IDT was defined as a net wheal size ≥6 mm using a 1:100 dilution of extract (1:10 w/v was obtained from Greer Laboratories (Lenoir, NC) as a single lot [Mus m 1 concentration = 2130 ng/mL]). Mouse-specific IgE (m-IgE) was measured by ImmunoCAP (Phadia, Uppsala, Sweden). Nasal challenge was performed with increasing concentrations of mouse epithelia extract and symptoms were assessed by visual analog scale. A positive challenge was defined as a 20-mm increase in the scale. The age range of the 49 participants was 18‐50 years; 41% were men and 86% were black. Fourteen participants were SPT+ to mouse, 15 participants were SPT but (IDT+), and 20 participants were negative on both SPT and IDT (SPT/IDT). Sixty-four percent of the SPT+ group, 40% of the IDT+ group, and 20% of the SPT/IDT group had a positive nasal challenge. Sixty-seven percent (10/15) of those who were either SPT+ or m-IgE+ had a positive nasal challenge. SPT or the combination of SPT plus m-IgE performed best in diagnosing mouse allergy. The great majority of mouse-sensitized urban adults with asthma appear to have clinically relevant sensitization. Urban adults with asthma should be evaluated for mouse sensitization using SPT or SPT plus m-IgE testing.

Keywords: Diagnostic testing; mouse allergen; nasal challenge; skin test; urban adults

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2010.31.3372

Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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