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Affect status and perception of exacerbation in patients with asthma

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Exacerbations occur commonly in patients with asthma but factors affecting perception of dyspnea during exacerbation are not well known. This investigation was designed to determine the effects of negative mood on perception of dyspnea during exacerbation. A total of 47 patient aged 28‐78 years (mean age, 52.5 years) admitted with acute asthma had recordings of blood gas pressure, negative mood score, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and dyspnea score at admission and at the 72nd hour. Perceived intensity of dyspnea was estimated using a modified Borg scale. The negative mood was assessed with an overall of six mood adjectives (nervous‐anxious, sad‐blue, and tired‐drowsy). High negative mood score was defined as the score above the cutoff point (median score, >7). Borg sore of patients with a high negative mood score was higher than that of patients with a low negative mood score (6.3 ± 2.5 versus 4.4 ± 2.4; p = 0.01). The high Borg sore of asthmatic patients with high negative mood persisted even at the 72nd hour (1.6 ± 0.9 versus 1.0 ± 0.7; p = 0.01). FEV1 values of both groups at admission were similar. The negative mood score (beta = 0.68; p = 0.0001) and initial FEV1 (beta = −0.42; p = 0.01) were the important determinants of Borg score at admission in all patients with multivariate analysis but not arterial oxygen pressure, arterial carbon dioxide pressure, asthma duration, and female sex. This study indicated that emotional factors, as well as the level of airways obstruction, predicted the magnitude of dyspnea at exacerbation of asthmatic patients. Thus, the emotional factors should be taken into account in the treatment of dyspnea at exacerbation.

Keywords: Asthma; Borg; dyspnea; exacerbation; negative mood; perception

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Kirikkale University Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale, Turkey

Publication date: November 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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