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DNA repair gene XRCC1 polymorphisms and the risk of asthma in a Turkish population

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Polymorphisms have been identified in several DNA damage repair genes. These polymorphisms may effect DNA repair capacity and modulate asthma susceptibility. In this study, we aimed to determine the two polymorphisms in DNA repair gene, x-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1), in a sample of Turkish patients with asthma, and evaluate their association with asthma development. We used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) to analyze XRCC1 Arg194Trp and XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphisms in 116 patients with asthma and in 180 disease-free controls. Our data showed a positive association between the polymorphisms of codons 194 (odds ratio [OR] = 1.97, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.06‐3.66, and p = 0.03 for Arg/Trp genotype) and 399 (OR = 1.87, 95% CI = 1.12‐3.13, and p = 0.02 for Arg/Gln genotype, and OR = 2.59, 95% CI = 1.24‐5.43, and p = 0.01 for Gln/Gln genotype) and asthma risk. No statistically significant difference was found for the allelic and genotypic distributions of the polymorphisms in XRCC1 gene between mild and moderate asthmatic patients. A combined analysis of the effect of XRCC1 codons 194 and 399 revealed the highest risk (OR = 4.17, 95% CI = 1.77‐9.83, and p = 0.001) for carriers of the polymorphic alleles in both of these codons. These results suggest that the risk of asthma may be associated with DNA repair mechanisms, and understanding these mechanisms will help identify individuals at increased risk of developing asthma and should lead to improved treatment of asthma.

Keywords: Asthma; DNA damage; DNA repair; PCR; RFLP; XRCC1; polymorphism

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Medical Biology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, 34098, Istanbul, Turkey.

Publication date: July 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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