The role of atopy in the clinical course of pulmonary sarcoidosis in the Japanese population

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Abstract:

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder characterized by a T-helper 1 (Th1)‐mediated immune response. Conversely, atopy is characterized by the presence of a specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) E response in association with a Th2-type immune response. Several epidemiological studies have shown that atopic status influences disease activity and clinical course for several Th1-mediated diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate associations between atopic status and clinical findings of sarcoidosis. We further evaluated the impact of atopic status on the clinical course of pulmonary sarcoidosis. We defined atopy as a positive specific IgE response to at least one common inhaled allergen (multiple antigen simultaneous test scores, lumicount of >1.01). Subjects comprised 134 patients given a diagnosis of sarcoidosis between 2000 and 2006, divided into atopic and nonatopic groups. Several clinical findings were compared between the two groups. Furthermore, 100 subjects observed 2 years after diagnosis were divided into resolving and persistent clinical course groups according to chest radiography and associations with atopic status were evaluated. Atopy was more prevalent among men than women (p = 0.009) and subjects with atopy were younger (p = 0.002) and showed less frequent lung parenchymal lesions (stages II and III; p = 0.018) compared with subjects without atopy. The prevalence of atopy was higher in the resolving clinical course group than in the persistent clinical course group (p = 0.002) and this association was independent of sex, age, presence of lung parenchymal lesions, and presence of extrapulmonary lesions (p = 0.037). Classification of sarcoidosis based on atopic status might be useful for predicting the clinical course of pulmonary sarcoidosis.

Keywords: Allergy; IgE; Th1; Th2; atopic status; clinical course; immunology; sarcoidosis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2010.31.3336

Publication date: May 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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