Efficacy and safety of budesonide/formoterol pressurized metered-dose inhaler: Randomized controlled trial comparing once- and twice-daily dosing in patients with asthma
Abstract:Asthma guidelines recommend titrating maintenance medications to the lowest effective dose. This study assessed the efficacy and tolerability of reducing the frequency of dosing in patients previously controlled with twice-daily budesonide/formoterol (BUD/FM) pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) to once-daily regimens of BUD/FM pMDI or BUD pMDI. This was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo (PBO)/active-controlled, multicenter study (N = 752) of patients aged ≥16 years with mild to moderate asthma. After 4‐5 weeks on single-blind BUD/FM pMDI 160/9 micrograms twice daily (320/18 micrograms daily), patients with stable asthma received BUD/FM pMDI 160/9 micrograms twice daily (320/18 micrograms daily; morning and evening), BUD/FM pMDI 320/9 micrograms once daily (evening), BUD/FM pMDI 160/9 micrograms once daily (evening), BUD pMDI 320 micrograms once daily (evening), or PBO. BUD/FM (once or twice daily) was more effective (p ≤ 0.003) than BUD and PBO on evening peak expiratory flow (primary variable), morning pulmonary function assessments, daily symptoms, and nighttime rescue medication use. Twice-daily BUD/FM was more effective (p ≤ 0.05) than both once-daily doses for evening pulmonary function assessments and daytime rescue medication use. All treatments were well tolerated. Once- or twice-daily BUD/FM showed better efficacy than BUD once daily or PBO; results generally were more favorable with twice-daily dosing compared with both once-daily dosing regimens, which had one-half the daily FM dose.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Allergy and Asthma Associates, 27800 Medical Center Road, Mission Viejo, CA 92691, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: January 1, 2010
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