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Free Content Efficacy of omalizumab in cat-allergic patients with moderate-to-severe persistent asthma

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Abstract:

Cat allergen (Fel d 1) is a pervasive and common trigger of exacerbations in sensitized patients with IgE-mediated asthma. This study was designed to evaluate the effect on asthma-related outcome measures of adding omalizumab to current treatment in patients with moderate-to-severe persistent asthma and cat allergen sensitivity. A pooled analysis was conducted of two double-blind, placebo-controlled, 28-week pivotal U.S. registration trials. In all patients, asthma was inadequately controlled with moderate‐high dose inhaled corticosteroids. Patients were randomized to receive subcutaneous omalizumab (minimum, 0.016 mg/kg per IgE IU/mL every 4 weeks) or matched placebo. The effects of omalizumab on asthma-related outcomes were assessed for patients with cat allergen sensitivity (n = 811), identified by positive skin-prick test. The mean number of asthma exacerbations requiring treatment with systemic steroid bursts in cat allergen‐sensitive patients was lower in those receiving omalizumab versus placebo (0.6 versus 1.3, respectively; relative risk = 0.50, p < 0.001). Compared with placebo, omalizumab treatment led to significantly lower asthma symptom scores (least squares means (LSMs) treatment difference [95% confidence interval {CI}]: −0.57 [−0.77, −0.37]; p < 0.001), less rescue medication use (LSMs treatment difference [95% CI]: −0.75 puffs of rescue beta-agonist per day [−1.04, −0.46]; p < 0.001), and improvement in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (LSMs treatment difference [95% CI]: 100.84 mL [51.86, 149.81]; p < 0.001). Patient and investigator global evaluations of treatment effectiveness paralleled these outcomes. Omalizumab improved asthma control by reducing exacerbations and decreasing symptoms in cat-allergic patients with moderate-to-severe persistent IgE-mediated asthma.

Keywords: Allergic asthma; IgE; asthma; cat allergen; exacerbations; lung function; omalizumab; steroid bursts; symptom scores

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2500/aap.2009.30.3245

Affiliations: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, New Jersey, USA. marc.massanari@novartis.com

Publication date: 2009-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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