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Enhanced contact hypersensitivity by delayed T-helper 2 response in BALB/c mice

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Abstract:

T-helper (Th) 1/Th2 balance determines the direction of contact hypersensitivity (CHS). To clarify the immunopathogenesis of contact dermatitis, 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)‐induced CHS reaction was compared between the BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. The two strains were sensitized with DNFB systemically and challenged with DNFB locally. The CHS reaction in BALB/c mice was intense compared with that in C57BL/6 mice at 24 and 48 hours post-DNFB challenge. The dermal lesions were characterized by infiltration of lymphocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils, and macrophages including CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and interleukin (IL)-4‐producing(+) and interferon (IFN)-gamma+ cells in BALB/c mice. In C57BL/6 mice, the composition of inflammatory cells was same as those in BALB/c mice except for eosinophils, CD4+ T cells, and IL-4+ cells. There was no increase in the number of mast cells in the two strains. Local and systemic productions of IL-4 and IFN-gamma in BALB/c mice were higher than those in C57BL/6 mice. Although blood IgE values increased in BALB/c mice, but not in C57BL/6 mice, at 48 hours postchallenge, its value was low. The delayed Th2-like response together with Th1-like response in BALB/c mice may induce strong CHS reaction compared with C57BL/6 mice, which may dominantly develop Th1-like reaction. Moreover, mast cell and IgE do not appear to be involved in delayed CHS.

Keywords: Contact dermatitis; Th1; Th2; contact hypersensitivity; delayed contact hypersensitivity; eosinophil; immunopathogenesis; lymphocyte; mast cell; mouse

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2500/aap.2009.30.3240

Publication date: 2009-07-01

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

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    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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