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Free Content Fluticasone furoate nasal spray is more effective than fexofenadine for nighttime symptoms of seasonal allergy

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Nasal symptoms of allergic rhinitis are an important cause of sleep disturbance. Reduction of nasal symptoms, particularly nasal obstruction, has been linked to improvements in self-reported sleep quality. The enhanced-affinity intranasal corticosteroid fluticasone furoate and the oral antihistamine fexofenadine were compared with respect to nighttime symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis. In two randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group studies, patients received fluticasone furoate nasal spray (FFNS),110 g (study 1, n = 312; study 2, n = 224); fexofenadine, 180 mg (study 1, n = 311; study 2, n = 227); or placebo (study 1, n = 313; study 2, n = 229) once daily for 2 weeks. Fluticasone furoate was more effective (p < 0.001) than fexofenadine and placebo in both studies with respect to the mean changes from baseline over the treatment period in the nighttime symptoms score, nighttime reflective total nasal symptom score, predose instantaneous nasal symptom score, and morning peak nasal inspiratory flow. Fluticasone furoate was more effective than placebo (p ≤ 0.001) in study 1 and more effective than both placebo and fexofenadine (p ≤ 0.034) in study 2 with respect to the mean changes from baseline in the nighttime reflective total ocular symptom score and predose instantaneous total ocular symptom score. In these double-dummy studies, fexofenadine did not separate from placebo in comparisons of the nighttime symptoms score or the nighttime nasal or ocular symptom measures. The incidence of adverse events was similar among groups. FFNS once daily was more effective than fexofenadine and placebo with respect to nighttime sleep disturbance caused by seasonal allergy symptoms.
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Keywords: Allergy; NRQLQ; antihistamine; fexofenadine; fluticasone furoate; intranasal corticosteroid; nasal symptoms; ocular symptoms; rhinitis; seasonal allergic rhinitis; sleep

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Diagnostics Research Group, San Antonio, Texas

Publication date: 2009-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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