Free Content Comparative study of sensory attributes of two antihistamine nasal sprays: Olopatadine 0.6% and azelastine 0.1%

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Abstract:

Allergic rhinitis is a chronic, allergen-induced inflammatory reaction. Patients often differentiate intranasal treatments based on sensory attributes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensory attributes of olopatadine HCl nasal spray 0.6% (OLO) relative to azelastine HCl nasal spray 0.1% (AZE). This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, crossover comparison of OLO versus AZE in adult, symptomatic patients with at least a 2-year history of allergic rhinitis. Patients received each of the treatments separately with a washout between exposures, evaluated their sensory perceptions immediately after and 45 minutes postdosing with each treatment, and evaluated their perceptions of the two medications after administering both therapies. The mean age of the 110 patients was 42.4 years; 67% were women. OLO was superior to AZE in overall aftertaste (60.6% versus 30.3%; p = 0.0005), patient preference (62.4% versus 33.9%; p = 0.0001), and likelihood of extended use (60.9% versus 34.5%; p = 0.0004). OLO was superior to AZE in perceptions of immediate taste (1.9 U versus 3.2 U, respectively; p < 0.0001). Perceptions of additional attributes after administration of both treatments were significant and favored OLO (p ≤ 0.0036 for all variables). In these assessments, respectively, 54.1 and 32.1% of patients favored the taste and smell of OLO compared with 27.5 and 11.9% who favored AZE. Both treatments were well tolerated. The sensory attributes of OLO are superior to AZE in terms of immediate taste postdosing, overall aftertaste, overall patient preference, and likelihood of use. This outcome could lead to greater patient compliance and improved treatment effect.

Keywords: Aftertaste; allergic rhinitis; azelastine; likelihood of use; nasal allergies; nasal spray; olopatadine; sensory attribute; taste; treatment satisfaction

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2008.29.3181

Affiliations: Allergy and Asthma Medical Group and Research Center, San Diego, California, USA. eomeltzer@aol.com

Publication date: November 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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