Loratadine provides early symptom control in seasonal allergic rhinitis
Abstract:Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects ∼500 million people worldwide, and prevalence is increasing. Second-generation nonsedating antihistamines are first-line treatments for seasonal AR (SAR). This study was performed to evaluate early SAR symptom relief with second-generation antihistamines through a retrospective analysis of previously published data. In this study, 835 subjects aged 12‐60 years with a ≥2-year history of SAR were randomized to receive loratadine, 10 mg, once daily; fexofenadine, 60 mg, twice daily; or placebo for 7 days. Each subject recorded the severity of five symptoms of SAR on a scale of 0‐3. This primary post hoc efficacy analysis was the mean change from baseline in daily average A.M./P.M. reflective and instantaneous total symptom score (TSS) on days 2 and 3. Significantly greater mean reductions from baseline were shown with loratadine compared with fexofenadine in average A.M./P.M. reflective TSS on days 2 (−3.51 versus −2.84, respectively; p < 0.002) and 3 (−3.80 versus −3.19, respectively; p = 0.007) and in average A.M./P.M. instantaneous TSS on day 3 (−3.68 versus −3.15, respectively; p = 0.022). Similar results were noted in average A.M./P.M. reflective and instantaneous total nasal symptom scores and for 10 of 20 individual symptom time points (p < 0.05). Loratadine was significantly more effective than placebo for all time points (p < 0.001). Early, sustained symptom relief was seen with loratadine, suggesting that it may be more effective for treating SAR symptoms.
Keywords: Efficacy; fexofenadine; loratadine; nasal congestion; ocular symptoms; post hoc analysis; seasonal allergic rhinitis; second-generation antihistamines; total nasal symptom score; total symptom score
Document Type: Original Article
Affiliations: Clinical Research Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: November 1, 2008
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