Free Content The autoimmune nature of chronic urticaria

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Abstract:

The association between chronic urticaria (CU) and autoimmune disease has been recognized for some time, especially with autoimmune thyroid disease. More recently, functional IgG autoantibodies against FcepsilonRIalpha and less commonly against IgE have been reported in a subset of patients with CU. These patients have been described as having more severe and difficult-to-control urticaria. The autologous serum skin test has been proposed as a surrogate test to define presence of these autoantibodies, although it identifies presence of histamine releasing factor, not necessarily antibody. Basophil histamine release and basophil activation assays using flow cytometry to measure CD63 and, more recently, CD203c expression have been used to identify patients with autoimmune urticaria. New research suggests that in some patients with CU, the activation of the extrinsic coagulation pathway with thrombin generation might play an important role in their CU.

Keywords: Anti-FcepsilonRIalpha; CD203c; CD63; antithyroid antibodies; autoimmune thyroid disease; autoimmune urticaria; autologous serum skin test; chronic urticaria; histamine release; urticaria

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2008.29.3148

Affiliations: From the Division of Pediatric Allergy–Immunology, National Jewish Medical and Research Center, and Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado

Publication date: September 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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