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Mediator measurements after daily instillation of allergen: Increased IL-5 and decreased IFN-gamma

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Abstract:

This study was designed to measure symptoms, IL-4, IL-5, IFN-gamma, and eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP) in nasal secretions from subjects experiencing an artificial allergy season and to look for evidence of priming. Clinically relevant allergen was administered intranasally out of season to 12 asymptomatic individuals with seasonal allergic rhinitis. These individuals were then randomized to receive allergen or saline daily for the next 7 days. Nasal secretions and scrapings of nasal epithelium were obtained at baseline (day 1), 24 hours after the initial allergen administration (day 2), and 24 hours after the last instillation of allergen or saline (day 9). Nasal symptom scores (p < 0.0002), IL-5 mRNA (p = 0.03), and ECP (p < 0.02) increased after receiving the first challenge (day 2 compared with day 1). In the six subjects randomized to receive seven sequential daily challenges with allergen, symptom scores remained elevated (p < 0.02), IL-5 protein increased (p = 0.02), and IFN-gamma (p = 0.02) levels decreased (day 9 compared with day 1). In the six subjects randomized to receive seven sequential daily challenges with placebo, symptom scores, IL-5, and IFN-gamma levels were not significantly different (day 9 compared with day 1). Compared with the findings at day 2 (n = 12), the treated subjects (n = 6) had no further increase in symptoms but did show a further increase in IL-5 (p = 0.01) and a decrease in IFN-gamma (p = 0.02) at day 9. Daily instillation of moderate doses of allergen intranasally is characterized by persistent symptoms, elevation of IL-5, and reduced levels of IFN-gamma.

Keywords: Allergen challenge; cytokines; eosinophilic cationic protein; inflammation; mediators; nasal challenge; priming effect; rhinitis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2500/aap.2008.29.3094

Affiliations: 1: Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado; Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Denver, Colorado 2: Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Denver, Colorado 3: From the Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado

Publication date: 2008-03-01

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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