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Gender and age risks for hoarseness and dysphonia with use of a dry powder fluticasone propionate inhaler in asthma

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Abstract:

Dry powder inhalers (DPIs) of fluticasone propionate (FP) are the most commonly prescribed inhaled glucocorticosteroid (ICS) devices in Japan because of their ease of use. FP has the strongest anti-inflammatory effects in vitro among ICS, and it has few systemic adverse effects because of its <1% oral bioavailability. However, local adverse effects, especially hoarseness or dysphonia (hoarseness/dysphonia), appear to be frequent. We investigated hoarseness/dysphonia in 313 patients with bronchial asthma who were using or had used the FP-DPI. Overall, 20.4% of FP-DPI users complained of hoarseness/dysphonia, with women and elderly patients complaining of it more frequently; 35.8% of female FP-DPI users ≥65 years of age complained of hoarseness/dysphonia. The prevalence of hoarseness/dysphonia was dose dependent in patients <65 years old but not in patients ≥65 years of age. Inspiratory flow rates adjusted by resistance of the DPIs were not related to the prevalence of hoarseness/dysphonia. In patients using ICS, especially in women and the elderly patients, who develop hoarseness/dysphonia, it is important to select the most suitable device so that patients can continue ICS therapy comfortably.

Keywords: Age; asthma; dose response; dry powder inhaler; dysphonia; fluticasone propionate; gender; hoarseness; inhaled corticosteroid; risk factor

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2500/aap2007.28.3049

Affiliations: 1: From the Department of Medicine and Molecular Science, and 2: Faculty of Health Sciences, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan

Publication date: 2007-09-01

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

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    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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