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Atopic dermatitis and asthma

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Atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic inflammatory skin disease, frequently associated with respiratory allergy, is one of the most common skin disorders observed in children. The prevalence of AD and other allergic diseases is increasing in industrialized countries, representing a major burden on health care cost. AD has been proposed as an “entry point” for subsequent allergic diseases, suggesting the possibility that effective management of AD could prevent the development of respiratory allergy or at least reduce the severity of asthma and allergic rhinitis. AD and asthma share a common genetic and pathogenic basis, and several longitudinal studies provided evidence for the atopic march from AD to allergic rhinitis and asthma. However, because only a few prospective studies starting at children's births and having a sufficiently long follow-up have been developed, little is known about the natural course of AD and the potential succession of atopic phenotypes in childhood. Finally, recent genetic and epidemiological data raised the question whether AD may either develop to asthma or be part of a syndrome consisting of both diseases.

Keywords: Asthma; atopic dermatitis; atopy; dermatitis; entry point; phenotypes; respiratory allergy

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: From the Research Center, AFaR, “S. Pietro” Hospital, Fatebenefratelli, Roma, Italy, and 2: Department of Pediatrics, University of Torvergata, Roma, Italy

Publication date: September 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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