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Montelukast in allergic diseases beyond asthma

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Abstract:

Allergic diseases include a variety of different illnesses (rhinitis, conjunctivitis, asthma, urticaria, and dermatitis) in which the physiological and pathological basis is the release of chemical mediators such as histamine; platelet-activating factor; metabolites of arachidonic acid; and chemotactic factors from mastocytes, basophils, and eosinophils. The numerous drugs used for allergy treatment now include the new pharmacologic category of cysteinyl leukotriene (LT) antagonists. LTs are released from eosinophils, mast cells, and macrophages, interacting functionally in allergic reactions against a background of an imbalance between T-cell clones and resulting in preferential cytokine production following the T-helper 2 profile. Anti-LTs also have been used successfully by some authors to control rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and urticaria. although additional controlled testing will be required, these applications broaden the possible range of treatments for allergic disease in all its many aspects.

Keywords: Allergic diseases; allergic rhinitis; atopic dermatitis; chronic urticaria; cysteinyl leukotriene antagonists; montelukast; therapy

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2500/aap.2007.28.2955

Affiliations: 1: From the Department of Pediatrics, University of Catania, Catania, Italy, and 2: Department of Pediatrics, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Publication date: 2007-05-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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