The aim of this study was to evaluate respiratory function tests, total eosinophil counts, serum immune globulin E (IgE), and serum concentrations of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM)1, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM) 1, and soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) levels in the children with mild and/or moderate asthma before and 3 months after inhaled steroids and to determine whether adhesion molecule levels showed any difference between asthmatic and healthy children and whether these levels changed with disease activity. A total of 28 children with bronchial asthma and 24 children as a control group were included in the study. All of the patients in the study group were administered inhaled budesonide treatment. The patients were reevaluated 3 months later. Respiratory functions tests were performed and total eosinophil count and serum total IgE level were determined. Serum levels of sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, and sP-selectin were determined and skin-prick tests were performed. Significant difference paralleled to clinical improvement was found in the study group for respiratory function tests, total eosinophil count, serum IgE level, and sICAM-1 levels determined before and after the treatment. However, no significant difference was found for sP-selectin and sVCAM-1 levels before and after the treatment. The higher level of sICAM-1 before the treatment suggests that leukocyte-endothelial adhesion have a role in bronchial asthma, which is an inflammatory airway disease. Reduction in the level of sICAM-1 after the treatment may be related to the decreased inflammation in response to therapy. However, no strong relationships were found between the determinants representing the inflammation and respiratory function tests.
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy, Dokuz Eylul University Medical Faculty, Izmir, Turkey 2:
Department of Biochemistry, Dokuz Eylul University Medical Faculty, Izmir, Turkey
Publication date: March 1, 2007
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