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Real-world assessment of a metered-dose inhaler with integrated dose counter

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Abstract:

Currently available metered dose inhalers (MDIs) do not track the remaining number of doses, indicating the need for a device that accurately monitors medication use. In an open-label study at 37 outpatient centers, patients ≥4 years old with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring short-acting 2-agonists received two actuations of albuterol hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) [Ventolin HFA: GlaxoSmithKline], 90 g twice daily, via a novel MDI with an integrated dose counter until all 200 actuations were completed. Concordance between counter readings, diary card–recorded actuations, and canister weights were measured in patients who completed ≥90% of the labeled actuations (n = 224). Adverse events and patient satisfaction were assessed in the intent-to-treat population (n = 268). In 43,865 recorded actuations, 333 counter versus diary discrepancies occurred (discrepancy rate of 0.76%), and 88% of discrepancies were by one to two actuations. Forty-seven percent of patients had no discrepancies. Incidence of the device firing without changes in counter readings was very low (0.09%). Mean expected actuations based on canister weights (184) were slightly lower than mean counter and diary-reported actuations (200 each). At baseline, 62% of patients reported anxiety about not knowing the quantity of medication remaining in their inhaler. On study completion, 92% expressed satisfaction with the dose counter and 92% agreed it would help prevent them from running out of medication. The adverse event profile showed that albuterol HFA was well tolerated. Integrated MDI counters are a useful and reliable tool for tracking a patient's medication supply.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2006.27.2921

Publication date: November 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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