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Evaluation of systemic allergy in a jet aviator

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Abstract:

Cholinergic urticaria and exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) are related conditions. Cholinergic urticaria is caused by a rise in body core temperature and usually results in pruritus, skin lesions and, rarely, in serious respiratory and cardiovascular compromise. EIA can result in a cardiovascular compromise and syncope. Ingestion of certain foods may be associated with EIA. A 41-year-old jet pilot complained of 3-month onset of pruritus and urticaria during treadmill exercise. On one occasion, after a routine exercise bout, albeit with pruritus and urticaria, he experienced two short episodes of syncope. Treatment with a nonsedating H1-receptor antagonist was started. He underwent a unique challenge test that we designed. This included passive warming as well as exercising in a hot (temperature of 40°C at 40% humidity) environment. After passing this test uneventfully, the pilot was returned to jet flight with a copilot and, subsequently, to full active duty.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2006.27.2905

Publication date: September 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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