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Free Content Atopic dermatitis or hyper-IgE syndrome?

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A case of atopic dermatitis (AD), recurrent infections, and elevated immunoglobulin E (IgE) level is presented. Clinical characteristics, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management in this patient are reviewed. Clinical pearls and pitfalls include the following: (1) deep-seeded Staphylococcus aureus infections occur rarely in AD and should raise the possibility of immunodeficiency syndromes such as hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES); (2) HIES is characterized by a clinical triad consisting of elevated serum IgE levels, recurrent staphylococcal skin abscesses, and pneumonia with pneumatocele formation; (3) although serum IgE levels in AD have been noted to be as high as 10,000 IU/mL, severe cases of AD such as that presented here can exceed this range; (4) the efficacy of anti-IgE therapy in AD or HIES is unknown and may be limited by dosing requirements.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 May 2006

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

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    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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