A review of the roles of allergic rhinitis in childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

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The aim of this study was to review the literature to evaluate the association between allergic rhinitis (AR) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in childhood. A PubMed literature search (January 1970 to February 2005) was conducted using the following key words: obstructive sleep apnea, allergic rhinitis, and mouth breathing. The retrieved articles were reviewed and the levels of evidence were assessed. AR affected ∼40% of children and OSAS occurred in 2% of children. AR is a risk factor for OSAS because AR is associated with nasal obstruction, enlargement of tonsils and adenoids, and an elongated face, which, taken together, constitute a smaller upper airway size. Adequate treatment of AR is helpful to decrease the severity of OSAS and prevent emergence of an elongated face, which predispose for OSAS. There is convincing evidence that AR increases the risk of OSAS in children. Appropriate treatment of AR regularly could prevent the occurrence of OSAS and reduce the severity of existing OSAS.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2006.27.2855

Publication date: May 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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