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A seven-year-old white male presented with recurrent bouts of paranasal sinusitis, streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis, lower respiratory tract infections, continuous low-grade fever, and conjunctivitis, which required frequent use of antibiotics over a period of two years. A careful review of systems also revealed a six-month history of arthralgia affecting his knees, elbows, and hands, which limited his daily activities. Prominent in the history were recurrent bouts of a generalized salmon-red, nonpruritic rash, which was most pronounced on the face and trunk and which was exacerbated by fever. His past medical history revealed severe bouts of gastroesophageal reflux disease, chronic intermittent bloody mucous diarrhea, and atopic dermatitis. A detailed review of the patient's family pedigree over five generations revealed a strong genetic predisposition for autoimmune diseases of several types. His physical examination revealed a thin, pale, chronically ill-appearing male, bilateral conjunctivitis, and pale nasal mucosae with no lymphadenopathy, organomegaly, arthritis, or rash. All laboratory results were unremarkable except for a positive rheumatoid factor and a suboptimal antibody response to immunization with pneumococcal vaccine. A diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis of the systemic onset type was established, and, based upon his humoral immune deficiency, treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin was initiated with remarkable improvement in his symptomatology.

Document Type: Case Report

Publication date: March 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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