Allergic fungal sinusitis presenting with proptosis and diplopia: A review of ophthalmologic complications and treatment
Allergic fungal sinusitis is a noninvasive, but vigorous, inflammatory response to mold that occurs in immunocompetent patients with chronic sinusitis and nasal polyposis. It typically occurs in patients who have a history of atopic disease. Occasionally, the patients with allergic fungal sinusitis present with ophthalmic signs and symptoms—most commonly proptosis and diplopia. We report the case of a 23-year-old man with right-sided proptosis, diplopia, and nasal obstruction. He had a history of sinusitis in the past. On presentation, sinus computed tomography scan showed pansinusitis. Subsequent workup revealed elevated immunoglobulin E and positive skin testing to several molds including Bipolaris spicifera and Aspergillus fumigatus. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was performed, and the surgical specimen revealed allergic mucin with eosinophils, Charcot–Leyden crystals, and a silver stain showing fungal elements. His symptoms, including proptosis and diplopia, improved after surgical debulking and use of systemic corticosteroids.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 January 2006
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- Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.
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Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.
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