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Susceptibility to mycobacterial infections due to interferon-gamma and interleukin-12 pathway defects

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A case of interferon-gamma (IFN-)/interleukin-12 (IL-12) pathway defect is presented. Pathophysiology, clinical characteristics, diagnostic test, and case management are reviewed. Clinical Pearls and Pitfalls include: (1) A high probability of a defect in the IFN-/IL-12 cascade exists in patients with disseminated or recurrent infection due to poorly pathogenic mycobacteria or systemic infections caused by non-typhi Salmonella species that are persistent and recurrent despite antibiotic therapy. (2) Although less frequent, patients with impaired IFN-/IL-12 mediated immunity are more susceptible to cytomegalovirus, human herpesvirus 8, herpes simplex virus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Histoplasma capsulatum.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2005

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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