Comparative efficacy of cetirizine and fexofenadine for seasonal allergic rhinitis, 5–12 hours postdose, in the Environmental Exposure Unit
Abstract:In a previous study, cetirizine and fexofenadine similarly relieved seasonal allergic rhinitis symptoms in the first 5 hours, but cetirizine was more effective at 21–24 hours postdose. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study compared the response to treatment between 5 and 12 hours. Eligible ragweed allergic subjects were exposed to pollen in the Environmental Exposure Unit and randomized (n = 599) to a single dose of cetirizine, 10 mg; fexofenadine, 180 mg; or placebo (2.5:2.5:1). The primary efficacy end point was the change from baseline in total symptom severity complex (TSSC) score at 12 hours postdose. TSSC score was the sum of self-rated scores (0 = absent to 3 = severe) for runny nose, sneezing, itchy nose/palate/throat, and itchy/watery eyes, recorded half-hourly. Mean baseline TSSC scores were similar: 9.2, cetirizine and fexofenadine; 8.9, placebo. Reductions in TSSC scores from baseline were 4.3 at 12 hours and 5.0 overall (i.e., average over 5–12 hours postdose) for cetirizine and 3.4 and 4.4, respectively, for fexofenadine. Cetirizine produced a 26% greater reduction in TSSC at 12 hours (p = 0.001) and 14% greater reduction in TSSC overall (p = 0.006) compared with fexofenadine. Cetirizine and fexofenadine reduced TSSC scores (p < 0.001) and individual symptoms (p < 0.05) more than placebo. However, cetirizine was more effective than fexofenadine (p < 0.05) for runny nose and sneezing (12 hours and overall), itchy/watery eyes (12 hours), and itchy nose/throat/palate (overall). Incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events and somnolence were similar among groups: cetirizine, 25.3 and 0.8%, respectively; fexofenadine, 29.6 and 0%, respectively; placebo, 35.0 and 0%, respectively. In conclusion, cetirizine produced greater relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis symptoms than fexofenadine at 12 hours postdose and over the 5- to 12-hour postdose period.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 1, 2005
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