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Rhinitis–Asthma Connection: Epidemiologic and Pathophysiologic Basis

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Over the last several years, important research has demonstrated the link between the upper airways disease, rhinitis, and lower airways disease, asthma. In fact, it appears that asthma and rhinitis represent components of a single inflammatory airways disease. With the use of epidemiologic data and pathophysiologic studies, the connection between these inflammatory conditions becomes clear. Numerous population studies show the high rate of asthma in patients with allergic rhinitis compared to the general population. Several surveys suggest the rate of rhinitis in asthma patients to be as high as 100%. Recent studies in humans demonstrate that local allergen exposure in the nose of patients with allergic rhinitis can quickly lead to significant allergic inflammation in the lungs, even without a previous history of asthma or airways bronchial hyperreactivity. It is important for the clinician to understand the connection between these disorders so that all patients with rhinitis are evaluated for lower airways disease, and all patients with asthma be screened for upper airways conditions.
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Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2005-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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