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Low Incidence of Complications in Asthmatic Patients Treated with Preoperative Corticosteroids

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study is to establish the incidence of perioperative complications in asthmatic patients treated with preoperative corticosteroids and to compare these rates to the general surgical population at the same hospital. Using a retrospective cohort design, we studied 172 patients who underwent 249 procedures at our hospital between 1986 and 2002. Preoperative corticosteroids were administered in 240 of the procedures. The rate of asthma exacerbations, infections, wound infections, delayed wound healing, adrenocortical insufficiency, and mortality was assessed. Thirteen patients (5.2%) developed postoperative bronchospasm. Nine (3.6%) developed postoperative infections, four of which were wound infections (1.6%). There were no patients with adrenal insufficiency. One death occurred intraoperatively as a result of a neurosurgical complication. There was no statistical difference in the incidence of infections between our asthma population and the general surgical population in the same hospital except in gynecologic procedures. We conclude that asthmatic patients who are treated with corticosteroids before under-going surgery have a low incidence of complications.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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