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Update on Atopic Dermatitis: Insights into Pathogenesis and New Treatment Paradigms

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Abstract:

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disorder whose prevalence has increased, similarly to other atopic diseases. The immunopathogenesis of AD is complex, although Staphylococcus aureus may play an important role in cutaneous inflammation, possibly resulting from a deficiency in antimicrobial peptide secretion in the skin. Although more than 50% of patients will go on to develop asthma and allergies, atopic dermatitis is often the start of the "atopic march." Studies with topical fluticasone provide a rationale for maintenance therapy, whereas studies with the topical nonsteroidal immunomodulator pimecrolimus in patients as young as 3 months of age suggest that early intervention may be an effective strategy in treating this chronic, relapsing skin disease.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2004-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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