High Frequency of DD Polymorphism of the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Gene in Turkish Asthmatic Patients

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Abstract:

The aim of this study is to detect the incidence of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism in Turkish asthmatic patients and to examine whether there is an association between the disease and ACE gene polymorphism. In our study, the genomic DNA of 100 asthmatic patients and 88 healthy subjects was analyzed. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood by using standard methods. The intron 16 of the ACE gene was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method using primers ACE and ACEX to examine the presence and absence of a 287-base pair (bp) DNA fragment that showed I/D polymorphism genotypes. PCR products were separated by agarose gel electrophoresis and were visualized by a charge-coupled device camera. Serum ACE activities were measured using an ACE kit. The results were evaluated statistically using the chisquare test and one-way analysis of variance. Although the population of patients with asthma was characterized by a higher frequency (30%) of the DD genotype of ACE, they were characterized by lower frequency (48%) of the ID genotype of ACE (DD, 16%, and ID, 64%, in healthy control subjects). The frequency of the I and D alleles of the ACE gene was not significantly different between asthmatic patients (0.46/0.54) and healthy controls (0.52/0.48). In addition, in both asthmatic patients and controls, there was a significant decrease of the levels of ACE activity in individuals that have II genotypes when compared with individuals that have DD genotypes. ACE activities were increased significantly in all asthmatic patients (67.20 ± 1.95 IU/L) compared with all healthy controls (60.90 ± 2.12 IU/L).

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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