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Interleukin-18 Is Associated with Increased Severity of Atopic Dermatitis in Children

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Abstract:

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing skin disease characterized by reduced interferon (IFN) production with concurrent up-regulation of interleukin (IL)-4. Recently, it was reported that IL-18, formerly called IFN -inducing factor, induces the production of T helper (Th)2-related cytokines without help from IL-12. This study was performed to evaluate the contribution of IL-18 in the pathogenesis of AD. Significantly higher serum IL-18 concentrations were found in patients with severe AD than in healthy subjects. Under staphylococcal enterotoxin B stimulation, IL-18 secretion was increased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with AD. There were significant differences in the concentrations of IL-10, IL-12, and soluble Fas ligand between AD patients and normal controls. In conclusion, increased serum IL-18 concentrations may be involved in the pathogenesis of AD.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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