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Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Nasal Congestion, and Snoring: Their Systemic Effects and Impact on Quality of Life

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A literature review was conducted to evaluate the available published data on sleep-related breathing disorders with a focus on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome, nasal congestion, and snoring. The MEDLINE database was used to obtain pertinent reviews and articles. The pathophysiology of snoring, a partial blockage of the airway, and of apnea or total airway obstruction, is described. Contributing factors to the etiology of the OSA syndrome as well as current methods of diagnosis are discussed. Adverse systemic sequelae of the OSA syndrome, especially those pertaining to the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, are detailed. Treatment options, both nonsurgical and surgical, which are used to improve the quality of life of patients with these disorders, are presented also.

Document Type: Original Article

Publication date: January 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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