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Since the elucidation of the structure of the cysteinyl leukotrienes (LTs) > 20 years ago, considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the role of these molecules in health and disease, particularly regarding bronchial asthma. This study will review the biochemistry of the 5-lipoxygenase pathway for LT generation. It will discuss the early evidence that LTs, the cysteinyl LTs in particular, have the biological properties expected for molecules that participate in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma and the evidence for their formation in the airways of asthmatic individuals. It will briefly review the evidence that LT-modifying drugs are effective in the management of bronchial asthma and will discuss novel developments in our understanding of the proinflammatory properties of the LTs including their role as autocrine mediators of leukocyte responses. The pharmacogenomics of 5-lipoxgenase and LTC4 synthase in bronchial asthma will be discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2004
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Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.
The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.
Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.
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