During the past 10 years, our understanding of asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) has evolved. The historic perspective of these allergen-induced disorders as distinct and separate entities is being displaced by current thinking that they are described better as a continuum of inflammation involving one common airway. Therefore, traditional therapies originally indicated for AR and asthma are being reassessed to explore their potential value in both upper- and lower-airway diseases. Recently, there has been a renewed interest in the role that histamines play in lower-airway disease, and interest is increasing in the leukotrienes (LTs), which are far more potent inflammatory mediators than histamines, and the role they play in upper-airway disease. Given the pivotal role that LTs play as potent inflammatory mediators in the pathophysiological state of inflammation of both airways, LT receptor antagonists recently have emerged as important therapeutic advances that have potential clinical value in both asthma and allergic rhinitis. The prevalence of asthma and AR is increasing in the general population, and a high proportion of new patients have coexisting upper- and lower-airway disease. Estimates show that 60-78% of patients who have asthma have coexisting AR. The following review discusses the epidemiology of asthma and AR, provides evidence for common pathophysiological mechanisms, and discusses a therapeutic approach that has positive effects on both diseases and may maximize benefits and outcomes for patients with concomitant asthma and AR.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2003
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Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.
The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.
Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.
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