Skip to main content

Relationship between the Tumor Necrosis Factor System and the Serum Interleukin-4, Interleukin-5, Interleukin-8, Eosinophil Cationic Protein, and Immunoglobulin E Levels in the Bronchial Hyperreactivity of Adults and Their Children

Buy Article:

$39.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The aim of the study was to investigate the activation of inflammatory mediators interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-8; immunoglobulin E (IgE); and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and to evaluate the regulatory role of the tumor necrosis system (TNF) system in bronchial hyperreactivity. Adults who had suffered from bronchial asthma in childhood but who had been symptom free for at least 3 years were examined together with their children who did not have asthma. The serum concentrations of TNF-α, soluble TNF receptor 1 (sTNF-R1), TNF-R2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-8, ECP, and IgE were studied in symptom-free adults (n = 22) and their children (n = 22) with bronchial hyperreactivity. Nonhyperreactive individuals with a similar medical history

Document Type: Original Article

Publication date: 2003-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Reprint Requests
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more