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Effect of Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B on Specific Antibody Production in Children with Atopic Dermatitis

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Exotoxins secreted by Staphylococcus aureus have been identified as a possible trigger factor in atopic dermatitis (AD). We investigated the production and role of circulating antibodies, with specificity to staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), in children with AD compared with those of healthy controls. The children with AD had significantly higher levels of serum SEB-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG; p = 0.0193), IgM (p = 0.011), and IgE (p = 0.0001) than the nonatopic children. The proportions of IgG, IgM, and IgE seropositivity in children with AD were 52.5% (21/40), 62.5% (25/40), and 67.5% (27/40), respectively. The levels of SEB-specific IgE and the severity of AD (p = 0.0004) were compared, but no correlation was seen for IgG or IgM. SEB may be involved in exacerbation of AD. SEB-specific IgE may be an important index of the clinical severity of AD. The SEB-specific IgG or IgM was produced during the exposure to the SEB antigen but may not be protective against SEB in AD.
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Document Type: Original Article

Publication date: 2003-01-01

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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