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Production of TNF-α by Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells through Activation of Nuclear Factor B by Specific Allergen Stimulation in Patients with Atopic Asthma

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Stimulation by specific allergens induces inflammatory cytokine production from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with atopic asthma, but the mechanism remains unknown. PBMCs were collected from six patients with atopic asthma with an immunoglobulin E-radioallergosorbent test score to Dermatophagoides farinae of ≥ 4 and six nonatopic healthy subjects (score = 0) using a dish adhesion method after density gradient centrifugation. CD23 expression in PBMCs was analyzed by the fluorescence-activated cell sorting method. PBMCs were incubated with D. farinae or lipopolysaccharide, and production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α into the supernatant was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. After incubation, immunostaining of the PBMCs with anti-nuclear factor B (NF-B) antibody (anti-p65 antibody against p65 as the subunit of NF-B) was performed, and NF-B activation in extracted nuclear protein was examined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. CD23 expression was significantly higher in PBMCs from patients with asthma than in the controls (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference in TNF-α production by lipopolysaccharide stimulation between the two groups, but D. farinae-specific TNF-α production was significantly higher in subjects with asthma than in the controls (p < 0.05). A significant translocation of NF-B to nuclei by D. farinae stimulation was observed in cells from subjects with asthma (p < 0.01). Our results indicated that TNF-α production was induced by D. farinae in PBMCs of patients with atopic asthma by the activation of NF-B via CD23. In patients with atopic asthma, CD23-mediated signals may cause proinflammatory cytokine production, which may lead to airway inflammation.

Document Type: Original Article

Publication date: 2003-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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