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Multiple-Dose Proportionality Study of Flunisolide Hydrofluoroalkane

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The hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) formulation of the inhaled corticosteroid flunisolide is a modification of the original chlorofluorocarbon formulation. HFA flunisolide substitutes an HFA for a chlorofluorocarbon propellant and uses a built-in spacer in its pressurized metered-dose inhaler. An open-label, randomized, three-way crossover, multiple-dose study evaluated the dose proportionality of three doses of flunisolide HFA. Twenty-one healthy volunteers received the following doses twice daily for 4.5 days: 85, 170, and 340 g. Plasma levels of flunisolide and of the flunisolide metabolite 6-OH flunisolide were measured after single- and multiple-dose administration. After a single dose, dose proportionality was observed across the three dose levels for peak plasma concentration (Cmax) and the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) up to both the time corresponding to the last measurable concentration (AUC0-) and the time to infinity (AUC0-∞). After multiple doses, dose proportionality was observed for both Cmax and AUC at the medium and high doses. Predose plasma levels of flunisolide measured on day 4 were below the limit of detection. The elimination half-life of flunisolide ranged from 0.95 to 1.34 hours. After both single and multiple doses, dose proportionality was observed in dose-adjusted Cmax and AUC0-∞ for the inactive 6-OH metabolite. HFA flunisolide was well tolerated. The lack of accumulation after repeated administration of HFA flunisolide suggests that the systemic exposure of flunisolide is low, which is a safety goal for inhaled corticosteroids.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2002-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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