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Inflammatory Mediators in Cystic Fibrosis Lung Disease

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Abstract:

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a complex multisystem disorder caused by mutations in a membrane glycoprotein called the CF transmembrane regulator (CFTR), which has as its major function serving as a Cl- channel. The relationship between defects in CFTR and development of lung disease remains incompletely understood. Chronic lung disease, characterized by persistent infection with a peculiar type of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, bronchiectasis, and airway obstruction is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in CF patients. The inflammatory response to the chronic infection resembles that induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and is mediated primarily by cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, and IL-8, whose synthesis is activated by the transcription factor nuclear factor B (NF-B). Large numbers of neutrophils dominate the inflammatory response and excessive concentrations of their products create a vicious cycle that becomes injurious rather than protective and eventually claims the life of the patient.

Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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