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Hidden Factors in Asthma

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Abstract:

The importance of discovering and treating hidden factors that exacerbate asthma as specified in component 2 of the 1997 National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) expert panel report guidelines has been overshadowed by a disproportionate emphasis on component 3 (pharmacologic therapy). This has resulted in disease management models that consist of a two-step classification-treatment system in which little regard is given to the evaluation of underlying contributing factors. In addition to the identification of environmental allergens, an aggressive evaluation of other potential factors that may contribute to asthma is essential to optimal, efficient, and cost-effective asthma care. These factors include sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, and gastroesophageal reflux. Diagnostic testing for sinusitis and/or gastroesophageal reflux is warranted even in the absence of suggestive signs or symptoms for many patients with asthma classified in the moderate and severe ranges by NHLBI guidelines. A disease management algorithm for gastroesophageal reflux disease in the patient with asthma is proposed.

Document Type: Regular Paper

Publication date: 2001-11-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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