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Impact of Changes in Asthma Severity on Health-Related Quality of Life in Pediatric and Adult Asthma Patients: Results from The Asthma Outcomes Monitoring System

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Abstract:

The goals of asthma treatment have broadened beyond managing traditional clinical markers of disease severity, and now include a focus on benefits of treatment in terms that are most meaningful to patients. Measurement of both generic and disease-specific health-related quality of life (HQL) is advocated because each provides complementary information about how the condition affects everyday functioning and well-being and whether treatments have their intended effects. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of changes in asthma severity (defined using NHLBI/NAEPP severity staging) on patient-assessed HQL. Two hundred and thirty-three pediatric asthma patients and 269 adult asthma patients were evaluated in a one-year observational study. Analyses were performed to compare the generic and asthma-specific scores for patients whose asthma severity improved, stayed the same, or worsened over one year. The asthma-specific scales are sensitive to changes in disease severity. Of the generic scales, those tapping areas of physical health are more affected than the mental/emotional scales. This confirms that HQL measures are responsive to changes in asthma severity. They complement traditional clinical markers used to evaluate changes in a patient's disease state and thus give the physician another useful tool in following the clinical progress of the child with asthma.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2500/108854100778148990

Publication date: 2000-05-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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