Nitric Oxide Production and Apoptosis by GP120
Nitric oxide (NO) is increased by gp120 in astrocytes and in monocyte-derived macrophages. Of the gp120 fragments (F1: amino acid 254-274, F2: amino acid 315-329, F3: amino acid 421-438), F1 has been shown to increase NO in astrocytes and gp120 also primes CD4+ T cells for apoptosis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) at 106/ml (N = 10) were incubated at 24 and 72 hours in RPMI, 10% CO2 with low doses (100 nM) gp120 and high doses (400 nM) of the smaller fragments. Supernatants were collected and assayed for the relative contribution of gp120 and its fragments on NO production at both time points. Apoptosis was detected by in situ hybridization with and without 1 g/ml LPS as superantigen at 72 hours. The major contribution to apoptosis and NO production was from F1. At 24 hours F1 had a 1.9-fold increase from control, whereas F2 and F3 had 1.25- and 1.35-fold increases. At 72 hours both F1 and F2 had a 1.5-fold increase and F3 had a 1.33 increase. Thus, F1 contributed significantly to NO production at 24 hours. Both F1 and F2 had significant contributions to NO production at 72 hours. F1 had the most contribution to apoptosis both with and without lipopolysaccharide (LPS). These findings may contribute to further understanding the mechanism of HIV-induced apoptosis.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2000-05-01
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