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The Risk of Sinusitis in Children with Allergic Rhinitis

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Abstract:

It is said that bacterial sinusitis occurs often in patients with allergic rhinitis, but this correlation has not yet been determined. We studied this issue for 5 years in 413 children, of whom 215 had perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) and 198 had seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR). The prevalence of sinusitis in patients with PAR compared with those with SAR was determined with respect to the following factors: age, season, and sensitivity to airborne allergens. We found that the prevalence of sinusitis was significantly higher among patients with PAR than among those with SAR regardless of age or season. When the risk of sinusitis was compared between patients with PAR and SAR, patients with mold allergy PAR had a higher risk than those with non-mold allergy (PAR relative risk 2.49 versus 1.50, respectively). We conclude that mold allergy is an important risk factor for sinusitis, and that its management may help to reduce the occurrence of sinusitis.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854100778250905

Publication date: March 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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