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Allergic Rhinitis: Epidemiology and Natural History

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Establishing a reliable estimate of the prevalence of allergic rhinitis is difficult; prevalence estimates range from as low as 4% to more than 40%. Epidemiology studies suggest the prevalence of allergic rhinitis in the United States and around the world is increasing. The cause of this increase is unknown; however, contributing factors may include higher concentrations of airborne pollution, rising dust mite populations, less ventilation in homes and offices, dietary factors, and the trend toward more sedentary lifestyles. Allergic rhinitis symptoms typically begin in childhood and adolescence and continue into adulthood. In general, allergic rhinitis symptoms slowly improve and skin-test reactivity tends to wane with increasing age. There is a significant trend for symptom improvement with younger age of onset of allergic rhinitis. As the complicated etiology of allergic rhinitis becomes better understood, it may be possible to reverse the trend for increased prevalence.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2000-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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