Chemokines in Inflammatory States

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Chemokines probably mediate inflammation in asthma by acting on endothelial cells, alveolar cells, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, mast cells, monocytes, and lymphocytes, which are inhibited by corticosteroids. In 1995, we found that MCP-1 provokes mast cell aggregation and [3H]5HT-release in cultured mast cells. In another study, MCP-1 and RANTES revealed to have a potent chemoattractive effect on basophilic cells originating from the rat skin. In this inflammatory model, RANTES also attracted eosinophils and macrophages along with basophilic cells. The effect of RANTES on inducing HDC mRNA was dose dependent. MCP-1 and RANTES provoked histamine release in intradermal mast cells and prostaglandin D2 generation. These effects clearly show that RANTES and MCP-1 are mediators of acute inflammatory responses. In chronic inflammatory reactions, MCP-1 is also present as we show in a study recently published by our group. In this paper, we found that MCP-1, strongly mediates the recruitment of mononuclear cells in the granuloma formed by KMnO4. In addition, MCP-1 mediated a parasitic infection caused by Trichinella spiralis in mice. Our data strongly demonstrate that chemokines, such as RANTES and MCP-1, mediate acute inflammatory response.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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