Platelet-Activating Factor Inhibits Ciliary Beat Frequency of Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells
Abstract:The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of platelet-activating factor on human bronchial ciliary beat frequency (CBF) ex vivo. Brush biopsies were obtained from eight children (mean age 6.6 years) who underwent bronchoscopy for clinical reasons (i.e., foreign body aspiration, chronic cough, stridor). Immediate measurement of CBF by phase-contrast microscopy and photoelectric technique was performed before further treatment, and then on three subsamples: after adding platelet-activating factor (PAF) (10−5 M); after adding the inhibitor WEB 2086 (10−4 M); and after adding both PAF and WEB 2086. Addition of 10−5 M PAF reduced mean CBF by Hz to Hz (p < 0.05). The inhibitory effect of PAF was completely reversed by the addition of the PAF-inhibitor WEB 2086, whereas WEB 2086 alone did not significantly influence CBF. Optimum PAF concentration had been determined in previous dose–response experiments. Our data indicates that PAF involved in airway inflammation contributes to a decrease in mucociliary clearance in humans.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 1999
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- Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.
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