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Serological Investigation of Latex Allergy in Argentina

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Atopy to latex has been reported in different high-risk groups of subjects in whom it is mainly caused by proteins from natural latex that are responsible for eliciting a variety of clinical symptoms, some of them systemic. Thus, identification of subjects sensitized to latex proteins is of great health importance, because it would become possible to advise them to avoid contact with latex-containing products. Protein extracts from ammoniated latex were prepared by incubation with PBS buffer either with or without detergents, followed by ultracentrifugation. Three immunoenzymic methods were developed (EAST, ELISA, and immunoblotting) to detect the presence of specific IgE antibodies against latex proteins in sera of patients from different groups at risk. The protein content of the latex extracts ranged from 5.3 to 8.8 mg/mL. The prevalence of specific IgE against latex proteins was 9/28 (32.1%) in children with multiple surgeries, 17/98 (17.3%) in health care workers, and 23/123 (18.6%) in outpatients assisted at the Allergy Department. None of the sera belonging to the healthy control group showed the presence of specific IgE. Therefore, this protein extract from latex could be used to detect specific IgE antibodies in serum by immunoenzymic methods. Serologic results for latex-specific IgE found are in accordance with those reported in the literature of other countries.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 1999

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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