Eosinophil Active Cytokines and Surface Analysis of Eosinophils in Churg-Strauss Syndrome
Abstract:There are few reports regarding the measurement of cytokines and surface analysis of eosinophils in Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). To examine the pathophysiology of CSS, concentrations of cytokines in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and surface antigens on peripheral blood eosinophils were analyzed in five patients with CSS. Concentrations of cytokines (interleukin-1 (IL-1, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-5 (IL-5) and granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were measured using ELISA. Surface antigens on eosinophils in peripheral blood were analyzed using flow cytometry. A concentration of interleukin-5 (IL-5) and TNF-α in serum was detected in five cases; however IL-1 1, GM-CSF, and IL-3 were detected in 3 of 5, 2 of 5, and 1 of 5 patients, respectively. In BALF, TNF-α and IL-5 were detected in 2 of 3 and 1 of 3 patients, respectively; however, neither IL-1, GM-CSF, nor IL-3 was detected in any. Newly expressed surface antigens such as CD25, CD4, and CD69 were observed on peripheral blood eosinophils in five cases. CD54 and HLA-DR were expressed in 4 of 5 and 3 of 5 patients, respectively. Eosinophils in peripheral blood are activated to various degrees, possibly depending on cytokine stimulation. This eosinophil activation may be related to the clinical stage of CSS.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 1999
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