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Eosinophil Active Cytokines and Surface Analysis of Eosinophils in Churg-Strauss Syndrome

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Abstract:

There are few reports regarding the measurement of cytokines and surface analysis of eosinophils in Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). To examine the pathophysiology of CSS, concentrations of cytokines in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and surface antigens on peripheral blood eosinophils were analyzed in five patients with CSS. Concentrations of cytokines (interleukin-1 (IL-1, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-5 (IL-5) and granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were measured using ELISA. Surface antigens on eosinophils in peripheral blood were analyzed using flow cytometry. A concentration of interleukin-5 (IL-5) and TNF-α in serum was detected in five cases; however IL-1 1, GM-CSF, and IL-3 were detected in 3 of 5, 2 of 5, and 1 of 5 patients, respectively. In BALF, TNF-α and IL-5 were detected in 2 of 3 and 1 of 3 patients, respectively; however, neither IL-1, GM-CSF, nor IL-3 was detected in any. Newly expressed surface antigens such as CD25, CD4, and CD69 were observed on peripheral blood eosinophils in five cases. CD54 and HLA-DR were expressed in 4 of 5 and 3 of 5 patients, respectively. Eosinophils in peripheral blood are activated to various degrees, possibly depending on cytokine stimulation. This eosinophil activation may be related to the clinical stage of CSS.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854199778681486

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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